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Tél : 0262 96 22 60

Article scientifique

Couv_article scientifique

Bactrocera dorsalis in the Indian Ocean: a tale of two invasions


Deschepper Pablo, Vanbergen Sam, Zhang Yue, Li Zhihong, Hassani Issa Mze, Patel Nausheen Azhaar, Rasolofoarivao Henriette, Singh Sandeep, Wee Suk Ling, De Meyer Marc, Virgilio Massimiliano, Delatte Hélène. 2023. Bactrocera dorsalis in the Indian Ocean: A tale of two invasions. Evolutionary Applications, 16 (1) : 48-61.


Résumé : An increasing number of invasive fruit fly pests are colonizing new grounds. With this study, we aimed to uncover the invasion pathways of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis into the islands of the Indian Ocean. By using genome-wide SNP data and a multipronged approach consisting of PCA, ancestry analysis, phylogenetic inference, and kinship networks, we were able to resolve two independent invasion pathways. A western invasion pathway involved the stepping-stone migration of B. dorsalis from the east African coast into the Comoros, along Mayotte and into Madagascar with a decreasing genetic diversity. The Mascarene islands (Reunion and Mauritius), on the contrary, were colonized directly from Asia and formed a distinct cluster. The low nucleotide diversity suggests that only a few genotypes invaded the Mascarenes. The presence of many long runs of homozygosity (ROH) in the introduced populations is indicative of population bottlenecks, with evidence of a more severe bottleneck for populations along the western migration pathway than on the Mascarene islands. More strict phytosanitary regulations are recommended in order to prevent the further spread of B. dorsalis.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : espèce envahissante, Bactrocera dorsalis, Tephritidae, génotype, phylogéographie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Chine, Inde, Malaisie, Sri Lanka, Thaïlande, Comores, Mayotte, Madagascar, La Réunion, Maurice

Mots-clés libres : Bactrocera dorsalis, Indian Ocean, Invasive species, Pest species, Phylogeography

Auteur(s) : Deschepper P., Vanbergen S., Zhang Y., Li Z., Hassani Issa M., Patel Nausheen A., Rasolofoarivao H., Singh S., Wee Suk L., De Meyer M., Virgilio M., Delatte H.

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